A. A. Zagorodni Ion Exchange Materials: Properties and Applications Elsevier:2006
Book - Applets - Applet 3

Applet 3

Ion exchange in a homogeneous system (interactive exercise)

Applet illustrates homogeneous interactions involving Zn2+, Mn2+ and some hypothetical ligand R −. For simplicity other charge-compensating anions are not shown.

Ligand has a strong affinity for complex formation with double-charged metal ions. However, preference of the ligand toward complex formation with zinc or manganese can be altered moving the slider attached to the applet.

Click picture to start/stop animation.
Press space button to reset.
The preference to one or another ion can be altered moving the slider.